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Wednesday, May 12, 2021

How to Install PrestaShop with Apache and Let’s Encrypt SSL on CentOS 8

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PrestaShop is an open-source shopping cart written in the PHP used to create and manage your online business. It provides a simple and easy-to-use interface that helps you to launch your online store in a minimal time. It provides a lot of features including, a user-friendly interface, multiple payment gateways (PayPal, Google Checkout), mobile-responsive design, free support, multi-lingual, analytic, reporting and more.

In this post, we will show you how to install PrestaShop with Apache and a free Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate on CentOS 8.

Prerequisites

  • A server running CentOS 8.
  • A valid domain name pointed with your server IP.
  • A root password is configured on your server.

Install LAMP Server

Before starting, the LAMP server must be installed in your server. If not installed you can install it with other PHP extensions using the following command:

dnf install httpd mariadb-server php php-cli php-bcmath php-mysqli php-gd php-pdo php-xmlrpc php-intl php-posix php-json php-curl php-zip unzip -y

After installing all the required packages, edit the php.ini file and change some default settings:

nano /etc/php.ini

Change the following lines:

max_input_vars = 3000
post_max_size = 64M
upload_max_filesize = 64M
max_execution_time = 600
memory_limit = 256M
date.timezone = Asia/Kolkata

Save and close the file then start the Apache and MariaDB service and enable them to start at system reboot:

systemctl start httpd
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable httpd
systemctl enable mariadb

At this point, the LAMP server is installed in your server.

Create a Database for PrestaShop

PrestaShop uses a MySQL/MariaDB database to store their data. So you will need to create a database and suer for PrestaShop.

First, log in to MariaDB with the following command:

mysql

Once login, create a database and user with the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE prestashopdb;
MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE USER 'prestashopuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'securepassword';

Next, grant all the privileges to the prestashopdb with the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON prestashopdb. * TO 'prestashopuser'@'localhost';

Next, flush the privileges and exit from the MariaDB with the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
MariaDB [(none)]> EXIT;

Once you are finished, you can proceed to the next step.

Install PrestaShop

Next, you will need to download the latest version of PrestaShop from their official download page. You can download it with the following command:

wget https://download.prestashop.com/download/releases/prestashop_1.7.7.3.zip

Once the download is completed, unzip the downloaded file to the Apache web root directory using the following command:

unzip prestashop_1.7.7.3.zip -d /var/www/html/prestashop

Next, set proper ownership to the prestashop directory using the following command:

chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/prestashop

Once you are finished, you can proceed to the next step.

Configure Apache for PrestaShop

Next, you will need to create an Apache virtual host configuration file for PrestaShop. You can create it with the following command:

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/prestashop.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin [email protected]
    ServerName prestashop.example.com
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/prestashop

    <Directory /var/www/html/prestashop>
        Options +FollowSymlinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
    </Directory>

    ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/prestashop-error_log
    CustomLog /var/log/httpd/prestashop-access_log common
</VirtualHost>

Save and close the file when you are done. Next, restart the Apache service to apply the changes:

systemctl restart httpd

Next, verify the status of the Apache service using the following command:

systemctl status httpd

You should get the following output:

? httpd.service - The Apache HTTP Server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)
  Drop-In: /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service.d
           ??php-fpm.conf
   Active: active (running) since Wed 2021-04-07 01:04:19 EDT; 2h 2min ago
     Docs: man:httpd.service(8)
 Main PID: 47841 (httpd)
   Status: "Total requests: 313; Idle/Busy workers 100/0;Requests/sec: 0.0425; Bytes served/sec: 1.2KB/sec"
    Tasks: 278 (limit: 12524)
   Memory: 35.9M
   CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
           ??47841 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ??47843 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ??47844 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ??47845 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ??47846 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND
           ??48061 /usr/sbin/httpd -DFOREGROUND

Apr 07 01:04:19 centos8 systemd[1]: Stopped The Apache HTTP Server.
Apr 07 01:04:19 centos8 systemd[1]: Starting The Apache HTTP Server...

Once you are finished, you can proceed to the next step.

Configure Firewall

Next, you will need to allow ports 80 and 443 through firewall. You can allow them with the following command:

firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=https

Next, reload the firewall to apply the changes:

firewall-cmd --reload

Once you are finished, you can proceed to the next step.

Access PrestaShop

Now, open your web browser and access the PrestaShop web interface using the URL http://prestashop.example.com. You will be redirected to the following page:

Choose language

Select your language and click on the Next button. You should see the following page:

License agreement

Agree the License agreement and click on the Next button. You should see the following page:

Shop details

Admin account

Provide your shop name, country information, account information and click on the Next button. You should see the following page:

Database configuration

Provide your database name, database username, password and click on the Next button. Once the installation has been finished, you should see the following page:

Prestashop installation finished successfully

Click on the Manage your store button. You should see the following page:

Remove installer

Now, remove the installation folder with the following command:

rm -rf /var/www/html/prestashop/install

Next, click on the PrestaShop admin URL. You should see the following page:

Prestashop admin login

Provide your admin username, password and click on the LOG IN button. You should see the PrestaShop dashboard in the following page:

Prestashop dashboard

Secure PrestaShop with Let’s Encrypt SSL

Next, you will need to install the Certbot client to install the Let’s Encrypt SSL for PrestaShop. You can install it with the following command:

dnf install letsencrypt python3-certbot-apache

Next, obtain and install an SSL certificate for your lets domain with the following command:

certbot --apache -d prestashop.example.com

You will be asked to provide your email address and accept the term of service:

Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log
Plugins selected: Authenticator apache, Installer apache
Enter email address (used for urgent renewal and security notices)
 (Enter 'c' to cancel): [email protected]

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Please read the Terms of Service at
https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must
agree in order to register with the ACME server. Do you agree?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Y)es/(N)o: Y

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Would you be willing, once your first certificate is successfully issued, to
share your email address with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a founding
partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit organization that
develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about our work encrypting the web,
EFF news, campaigns, and ways to support digital freedom.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Y)es/(N)o: Y
Account registered.
Requesting a certificate for prestashop.example.com
Performing the following challenges:
http-01 challenge for prestashop.example.com
Waiting for verification.
Cleaning up challenges
Deploying Certificate to VirtualHost /etc/httpd/conf.d/prestashop.conf
Redirecting all traffic on port 80 to ssl in /etc/httpd/conf.d/prestashop.conf

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Congratulations! You have successfully enabled https://prestashop.example.com
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Subscribe to the EFF mailing list (email: [email protected]).


IMPORTANT NOTES:
 - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/prestashop.example.com/fullchain.pem
   Your key file has been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/prestashop.example.com/privkey.pem
   Your certificate will expire on 2021-06-09. To obtain a new or
   tweaked version of this certificate in the future, simply run
   certbot again with the "certonly" option. To non-interactively
   renew *all* of your certificates, run "certbot renew"
 - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:

   Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate
   Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le

You can now access your website securely using the URL https://prestashop.example.com.

Conclusion

Congratulations! you have successfully installed PrestaShop with Apache and Let’s Encrypt SSL on CentOS 8. You can now add your product to PrestaShop and start selling online. Feel free to ask me if you have any questions.

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