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Wednesday, July 28, 2021

How to Install Rust Programming Language on Ubuntu 20.04

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Rust is an open-source and nowadays very popular programming language developed by Graydon Hoare in 2006. It is extremely fast, prevents segfaults, and guarantees thread and memory safety. It supports zero-cost abstractions, threads without data races, move semantics, efficient C bindings, minimal runtime, and pattern matching. It is very similar to C++ and can run on several platforms.

In this tutorial, I will show you how to install the Rust programming language on Ubuntu 20.04.

Prerequisites

  • A server running Ubuntu 20.04.
  • A root password is configured on the server.

Install Rust

To install Rust, you will need to install the Curl and other packages to your system.

apt-get install curl build-essential make gcc -y

After installing Curl package, download and run the Rust installation script as shown below:

curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf https://sh.rustup.rs | sh

You will be asked to choose the installation options as shown below:

info: downloading installer

Welcome to Rust!

This will download and install the official compiler for the Rust
programming language, and its package manager, Cargo.

Rustup metadata and toolchains will be installed into the Rustup
home directory, located at:

  /root/.rustup

This can be modified with the RUSTUP_HOME environment variable.

The Cargo home directory located at:

  /root/.cargo

This can be modified with the CARGO_HOME environment variable.

The cargo, rustc, rustup and other commands will be added to
Cargo's bin directory, located at:

  /root/.cargo/bin

This path will then be added to your PATH environment variable by
modifying the profile files located at:

  /root/.profile
  /root/.bashrc

You can uninstall at any time with rustup self uninstall and
these changes will be reverted.

Current installation options:


   default host triple: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
     default toolchain: stable (default)
               profile: default
  modify PATH variable: yes

1) Proceed with installation (default)
2) Customize installation
3) Cancel installation
>1

Type 1 and hit Enter to continue. You should get the following output:

info: profile set to 'default'
info: default host triple is x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
info: syncing channel updates for 'stable-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu'
info: latest update on 2021-06-17, rust version 1.53.0 (53cb7b09b 2021-06-17)
info: downloading component 'cargo'
info: downloading component 'clippy'
info: downloading component 'rust-docs'
info: downloading component 'rust-std'
info: downloading component 'rustc'
 48.4 MiB /  48.4 MiB (100 %)  26.8 MiB/s in  1s ETA:  0s
info: downloading component 'rustfmt'
info: installing component 'cargo'
info: installing component 'clippy'
info: installing component 'rust-docs'
 16.1 MiB /  16.1 MiB (100 %)   1.9 MiB/s in  6s ETA:  0s
info: installing component 'rust-std'
 25.3 MiB /  25.3 MiB (100 %)   5.8 MiB/s in  4s ETA:  0s
info: installing component 'rustc'
 48.4 MiB /  48.4 MiB (100 %)   7.1 MiB/s in  7s ETA:  0s
info: installing component 'rustfmt'
info: default toolchain set to 'stable-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu'

  stable-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu installed - rustc 1.53.0 (53cb7b09b 2021-06-17)


Rust is installed now. Great!

To get started you may need to restart your current shell.
This would reload your PATH environment variable to include
Cargo's bin directory ($HOME/.cargo/bin).

To configure your current shell, run:
source $HOME/.cargo/env

After the installation, you will need to activate the Rust environment for your current shell. You can activate it using the following command:

source ~/.profile
source ~/.cargo/env

Next, verify the version of Rust using the following command:

rustc --version

You should get the following output:

rustc 1.53.0 (53cb7b09b 2021-06-17)

Create a Sample Application with Rust

Next, you will need to create a sample application to test the Rust.

First, create a directory for your application:

mkdir app

Next, change the directory to the app and create a sample application with the following command:

cd app
nano app.rs

Add the following code:

fn main() {
    println!("Hello World, this is my first app");
}

Save and close the file then compile the program with the following command:

rustc app.rs

This will create an executable called app in the current directory.

Next, run the program with the following command:

./app

You should see the following output:

Hello World, this is my first app

To update the Rust package, run the following command:

rustup update

You should get the following output:

info: syncing channel updates for 'stable-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu'
info: checking for self-updates

  stable-x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu unchanged - rustc 1.53.0 (53cb7b09b 2021-06-17)

If you want to remove the Rust from your system, run the following command:

rustup self uninstall

You should get the following output:

Thanks for hacking in Rust!

This will uninstall all Rust toolchains and data, and remove
$HOME/.cargo/bin from your PATH environment variable.
Continue? (y/N) y

info: removing rustup home
info: removing cargo home
info: removing rustup binaries
info: rustup is uninstalled

Conclusion

Congratulations! you have successfully installed Rust on Ubuntu 20.04 server. You can now write extremely fast code with a very low memory footprint using Rust.

About Hitesh Jethva

Over 8 years of experience as a Linux system administrator. My skills include a depth knowledge of Redhat/Centos, Ubuntu Nginx and Apache, Mysql, Subversion, Linux, Ubuntu, web hosting, web server, Squid proxy, NFS, FTP, DNS, Samba, LDAP, OpenVPN, Haproxy, Amazon web services, WHMCS, OpenStack Cloud, Postfix Mail Server, Security etc.

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