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Saturday, April 17, 2021

How to Install VirtualBox on Ubuntu 20.04

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VirtualBox is a free and open-source cross-platform virtualization tool developed and maintained by Oracle. It allows you to create and run virtual machines on your host system without the need for procuring another physical machine. Thus, It’s a cost-effective solution when you need to try out an operating system. Join us as we install VirtualBox on Ubuntu 20.04.

VirtualBox is easy to install and has great community support out there. It is highly recommended for users who are new to virtualization and who want to try out various operating systems. Without much further ado, let’s get started.

This tutorial will show you two ways to install VirtualBox on Ubuntu 20.04:

  1. From the standard Ubuntu repositories.
  2. From the Oracle repositories.

Installing VirtualBox from Ubuntu repository

This is the simplest way of installing VirtualBox on Ubuntu . First, we update our packages and then install  VirtualBox and Extension Pack. 

First, update the package lists:

$ sudo apt update

Once the package index is updates, install VirtualBox and extension packs as shown.

$ sudo apt install virtualbox virtualbox-ext-pack
Install VirtualBox on Ubuntu 20.04

As the installation of packages gets underway, a pop-up window will appear prompting you to read the Personal Use and Evaluation License (PUEL). Once you are done, press ‘ENTER’ to proceed.

Select ‘Yes’ to accept the VirtualBox PUEL license.

Thereafter, the installation of all the packages and dependencies required will continue and complete successfully.

Installing VirtualBox from Oracle repository

The other way to install VirtualBox is installing from the Oracle repository. To achieve this, follow the steps outlined below:

Step 1:  Import the Oracle public keys

Run the commands below to import oracle public keys:

$ wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
$ wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -

The above commands output OK.

Step 2: Add VirtualBox Repository  to Ubuntu

Next, we add the Oracle virtual box PPA to our Ubuntu system.

$ echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -cs) contrib" |  sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list

Step 3: Install VirtualBox

Finally, to install VirtualBox, Update the package lists as shown. 

$ sudo apt update

And  then install the latest version of VirtualBox:

$ sudo apt install virtualbox-6.1
Install VirtualBox 6.1 on Ubuntu
Install VirtualBox 6.1 on Ubuntu

Installing VirtualBox Extension Pack

The VirtualBox Extension Pack extends the functionality of virtualbox. It provides useful functionality for virtual machines such as support for USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 devices.

To download the virtual box extension pack run the command:

$ wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.1.8/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.8.vbox-extpack

The version of the Extension Pack should match the installed VirtualBox version.

Download VirtualBox extension pack
Download VirtualBox extension pack

Once the download is complete, import the extension pack using the following command:

$ sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.8.vbox-extpack

You will be asked to accept their terms and conditions of the Oracle license. Type ‘y’ and press Enter. Once the installation is completed, you will see the output below:

Accept Oracle license agreement
Accept Oracle license agreement

Starting VirtualBox

 Launch VirtualBox from the command line by typing Virtualbox. Also, you can use the applications manager to search for VirtualBox as shown.

Search for VirtualBox
Search for VirtualBox

To launch VirtualBox, click on the icon and the VirtualBox UI will be displayed a shown.

VirtualBox interface on Ubuntu 20.04
VirtualBox interface on Ubuntu 20.04

Conclusion

You have learned how to install VirtualBox on Ubuntu 20.04. From here, you can get started by creating virtual machines and trying out various operating systems. Send us a shout and let us know how the installation went on your side.

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