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Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Perfect Server Automated ISPConfig 3 Installation on Debian 10 and Ubuntu 20.04

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This tutorial will take you through installing your own ISPConfig 3 single server setup using the ISPConfig auto-installer. This installer follows the old Perfect Server guides but is more modular and easy to follow. If you want to set up a multiserver setup with dedicated servers for each service instead, see the Perfect Multiserver guide.

This guide works for both Debian 10 and Ubuntu 20.04. We will use the hostname server1.example.com. Replace it where necessary.

1. Log in to the server

Log in as root or run

su -

to become the root user on your server before you proceed. IMPORTANT: You must use ‘su -‘ and not just ‘su’, otherwise your PATH variable is set wrong by Debian.

2. Configure the hostname and hosts

The hostname of your server should be a subdomain like “server1.example.com”. Do not use a domain name without a subdomain part like “example.com” as hostname as this will cause problems later with your setup. First, you should check the hostname in /etc/hosts and change it when necessary. The line should be: “IP Address – space – full hostname incl. domain – space – subdomain part”. For our hostname server1.example.com, the file shall look like this (some lines may be different, it can differ per hosting provider):

nano /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain   localhost
# This line should be changed to the correct servername:
127.0.1.1 server1.example.com server1
# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts ::1 localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback ff02::1 ip6-allnodes ff02::2 ip6-allrouters

Then edit the /etc/hostname file:

nano /etc/hostname

It shall contain only the subdomain part, in our case:

server1

Finally, reboot the server to apply the change:

systemctl reboot

Log in again and check if the hostname is correct now with these commands:

hostname
hostname -f

The output shall be like this:

[email protected]:~$ hostname
server1
[email protected]:~$ hostname -f
server1.example.com

You will also have to set up a DNS record with your DNS provider that points to your server. There should be a A (and/or AAAA) record for the subdomain that points to your public IP.

3. Run the autoinstaller

We can now run the auto-installer. The basic setup contains the following software packages (plus their dependencies of course): Apache2, PHP (versions 5.6 – 8.0), MariaDB, Postfix, Dovecot, Rspamd, BIND, Jailkit, Roundcube, PHPMyAdmin, Mailman, Webalizer, AWStats and GoAccess. You can easily choose not to use certain functions or install extra services by passing arguments to the installer. You can view all arguments with:

wget -O - https://get.ispconfig.org | sh -s -- --help

You can now run the script with arguments. For example, if you want a normal install with a port range for Passive FTP + unattended-upgrades, run:

wget -O - https://get.ispconfig.org | sh -s -- --use-ftp-ports=40110-40210 --unattended-upgrades

After some time, you will see:

WARNING! This script will reconfigure your complete server!
It should be run on a freshly installed server and all current configuration that you have done will most likely be lost!
Type 'yes' if you really want to continue:

Answer “yes” and hit enter. The installer will now start.

When the installer is finished it will show you the ISPConfig admin and MySQL root password like this:

[INFO] Your ISPConfig admin password is: 5GvfSSSYsdfdYC
[INFO] Your MySQL root password is: kkAkft82d!kafMwqxdtYs

Make sure you write this information down, as you will need them later.

4. Setting up the firewall

The last thing to do is to set up our firewall.

Log in to the ISPConfig UI, and go to System -> Firewall. Then click “Add new firewall record”.

For a normal setup, it would look like this:

TCP:

20,21,22,80,443,40110:40210,110,143,465,587,993,995,53,8080,8081

UDP:

53

The necessary ports for every service are:

Web: 20, 21, 22, 80, 443 and 40110:40210 (All TCP, no UDP)

Mail: 110, 143, 465, 587, 993, and 995 (All TCP, no UDP)

DNS: 53 (TCP and UDP)

Panel: 8080 and 8081 (All TCP, no UDP)

Your server is now set up and ready for use. You can log in at https://server1.example.com:8080

5. Advanced Options

The auto-installer has various command-line options to fine-tune the setup. You can e.g. choose between Apache and Nginx webserver and which services shall be installed on the system. The command-line arguments are:

Usage: ispc3-ai.sh [] [...]

This script automatically installs all needed packages for an ISPConfig 3 setup using the guidelines from the "Perfect Server Setup" howtos on www.howtoforge.com.

Possible arguments are:
    --help          Show this help page
    --debug         Enable verbose logging (logs each command with the exit code)
    --channel       Choose the channel to use for ISPConfig. --channel=<stable|dev>
                    "stable" is the latest ISPConfig release available on www.ispconfig.org
                    "dev" is the latest stable-branch from the ISPConfig git repository: https://git.ispconfig.org/ispconfig/ispconfig3/tree/stable-3.1
                    -> The dev channel might contain bugs and less-tested features and should only be used in production by very experienced users.
    --lang          Use language for ISPConfig installation. Specify with --lang=en|de (only en (English) and de (German) supported currently).
    --interactive   Don't install ISPConfig in non-interactive mode. This is needed if you want to use expert mode, e. g. to install a slave server that shall be integrated into an existing
                    multiserver setup.
    --use-nginx     Use nginx webserver instead of apache2
    --use-amavis    Use amavis instead of rspamd for mail filtering
    --use-unbound   Use unbound instead of bind9 for local resolving. Only allowed if --no-dns is set.
    --use-php       Use specific PHP versions, comma separated, instead of installing multiple PHP, e.g. --use-php=7.4,8.0 (5.6, 7.0, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4 and 8.0 available).
                    --use-php=system disables the sury repository and just installs the system's default PHP version.
                    ommiting the argument (use all versions)
    --use-ftp-ports This option sets the passive port range for pure-ftpd. You have to specify the port range separated by hyphen, e. g. --use-ftp-ports=40110-40210.
                    If not provided the passive port range will not be configured.
    --use-certbot   Use Certbot instead of acme.sh for issuing Let's Encrypt certificates. Not adviced unless you are migrating from a old server that uses Certbot.
    --no-web        Do not use ISPConfig on this server to manage webserver setting and don't install nginx/apache or pureftpd. This will also prevent installing an ISPConfig UI and implies
                    --no-roundcube as well as --no-pma
    --no-mail       Do not use ISPConfig on this server to manage mailserver settings. This will install postfix for sending system mails, but not dovecot and not configure any settings for
                    ISPConfig mail. It implies --no-mailman.
    --no-dns        Do not use ISPConfig on this server to manage DNS entries. Bind will be installed for local DNS caching / resolving only.
    --no-local-dns  Do not install local DNS caching / resolving via bind.
    --no-firewall   Do not install ufw and tell ISPConfig to not manage firewall settings on this server.
    --no-roundcube  Do not install roundcube webmail.
    --roundcube     Install Roundcube even when --no-mail is used. Manual configuration of Roundcube config is needed.
    --no-pma        Do not install PHPMyAdmin on this server.
    --no-mailman    Do not install Mailman mailing list manager.
    --no-quota      Disable file system quota
    --no-ntp        Disable NTP setup
    --unattended-upgrades
                    Install UnattendedUpgrades. You can add extra arguments for automatic cleanup and automatic reboots when necessary with --unattended-upgrades=autoclean,reboot (or only
                    one of them).
    --i-know-what-i-am-doing
                    Prevent the autoinstaller to ask for confirmation before continuing to reconfigure the server.

For example, to install a ‘Perfect Server’ like setup with Nginx instead of Apache, use this command:

wget -O - https://get.ispconfig.org | sh -s -- --use-nginx --use-ftp-ports=40110-40210 --unattended-upgrades

Or to install an Nginx web server without Email and DNS services:

wget -O - https://get.ispconfig.org | sh -s -- --use-nginx --no-dns --no-mail --use-ftp-ports=40110-40210 --unattended-upgrades

6. Finalizing

Your setup is now done!

You can support ISPConfig by purchasing our manual: https://www.ispconfig.org/documentation/

The followings links are some useful tutorials/pointers for further setup:

If you have any questions, ask them on the forum.

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